The Nebraska Farm Real Estate Market Highlights Report 2017-2018 provides recent trends on land values and rental rates for landowners, tenants, and stakeholders. Each year the special feature section covers topics on new or emerging issues related to agricultural land in Nebraska. These topics reflect interest expressed by panel members and readership of the Nebraska Farm Real Estate Market Highlights Report. The special feature section in 2018 focuses on cash lease adjustments on irrigation equipment for cropland rental arrangements in Nebraska. Results from this special feature section of the survey are summarized in this article.
Nebraska farmers use irrigation systems across the state on cropland acres for grain and forage production. These systems require large financial outlays for the purchasing and installation of the irrigation equipment. Repairs and maintenance are required for the upkeep on the system each year. Landlords and tenants commonly negotiate the maintenance for irrigation equipment on rented cropland. The entity responsible for annually maintaining and repairing the irrigation systems as part of a cash lease contract is typically either the landlord and tenant, tenant, landlord, or other.
Panel members reported the entity responsible for maintaining an irrigation system as part of a cash lease arrangement in Nebraska for 2018 (Figure 1). Ranked in order of which entity maintains the system includes the landlord and tenant, tenant, landlord, and other at 48.4, 34.7, 14.7, and 2.2 percent. An other entity may be an irrigation company or related business providing professional upkeep, maintenance, and installation services for a fee.
In cases where tenants are solely responsible for maintaining the system, a discount on the cash rent paid for the irrigated cropland might be made to account for the investment of time and repairs. In certain instances, panel members indicated that the landlord may still be responsible for repairs after a tenant has met a certain monetary deductible for repairs on the system. The skill, interest, and time of the landlord and tenant engaged in an irrigated cropland lease arrangement have a strong influence on the negotiations for which entity maintains the system necessary for delivery of the water across the parcel of ground.
A tenant might pay for the replacement of a pivot on irrigated cropland after an older system becomes depreciated out or functionally obsolescent and the landlord does not have the financial ability or desire to update equipment. In these cases, a discount may be applied to the irrigated rent when the tenant provides the center pivot. According to panel members, the discounts of $26 to $50 and $10 to $25 per acre account for 58.5 and 30.6 percent of the discounts on cash rent when the tenant owns the center pivot (Figure 2). About 8.5 percent of discounts are greater than $51 per acre and 2.4 percent account for a discount of $0 per acre.
The other major irrigation system component a tenant might bring to a cash lease agreement could be the power unit for pumping the water. Common power units used on irrigated cropland in Nebraska include either a diesel engine, propane or natural gas engine, or electric motor. In these cases, a discount may be applied to the irrigated rent when the tenant provides the power unit for the irrigation system. In Table 1 about 70 percent of the discount per acre rates for the three power units were divided between $1 to $9 and $10 to $20. About 20 percent of irrigated cropland did not receive a discount and a very small percent have a discount greater than $20 per acre. Panel members reported newer diesel, propane, or natural gas engines might have higher discount rates due to the expenses associated with complying with the emissions standards on these power unit exhausts.
|POWER UNIT||DISCOUNT PER ACRE|
|$0||$1 to $9||$10 to $20||$20+|
|SYSTEM TYPE||Percent of Respondents|
|PROPANE OR NATURAL GAS ENGINE||23||43||31||3|
Survey results shown and discussed in this report are findings from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln 2018 Nebraska Farm Real Estate Market Survey. Complete results from the survey may be found at the Nebraska Farm Real Estate website: http://agecon.unl.edu/realestate