OMAHA (DTN) — Eighty percent of the nation’s corn crop and 90% of the soybeans were harvested as of Nov. 9, according to USDA’s latest weekly Crop Progress and Conditions report.
Corn harvest is equal to the five-year average and increased 15 percentage points in the past week. “This report should be viewed as neutral to bearish for corn as overall harvest progress improved and has now caught up to its five-year average pace,” said DTN Analyst Todd Hultman.
Soybean harvest is one percentage point behind the five-year average and increased 7 percentage points in the past week. “Monday’s report should be viewed as neutral as harvest continues to make good progress,” Hultman said.
Sorghum is 75% harvested, compared to 65% last week and an 80% five-year average.
Winter wheat is 93% planted and 83% emerged, compared to 90% and 77% last week and five-year averages of 93% and 79%. “USDA’s good-to-excellent rating of 60% resulted in a DTN Winter Wheat Condition Index of 157, up from 152 a week ago, down from 164 a year ago, and up from the five-year average of 129.2,” Hultman said. “Monday’s report should be viewed as neutral to bearish with a good pace of winter wheat emergence and improved crop condition.”
The following are highlights from weekly crop progress reports issued by National Ag Statistics Service offices in individual states. To view the full reports from each state, visit http://1.usa.gov/….
Warm conditions in combination with limited rainfall made for excellent harvest conditions across the state this past week. Precipitation of a half inch or more fell early in the week across portions of the western Panhandle, but was non-existent elsewhere. Temperatures averaged 5 degrees above normal. There were 6.6 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% very short, 32% short, 60% adequate and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 8% very short, 30% short, 61% adequate and 1% surplus. Winter wheat conditions were rated 79% good to excellent. Corn harvested was 79%, near 80% last year and equal to the five-year average. Sorghum harvested was 84%, behind 89% last year, but near 80% average.
The southeastern corner of the state saw cool temperatures and wet conditions, but the rest of the state remained dry and warm this past week. Farmers had 6.7 days suitable for field work, which they primarily used to seed winter wheat, harvest row crops, move cattle to winter pastures and market calves. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 9% very short, 27% short, and 64% adequate. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 14% very short, 28% short, and 58% adequate. The state’s corn crop was 92% harvested, just ahead of 90% last year and 91% on average. Soybeans were 84% harvested, near 85% last year and the 88% average. Winter wheat was 96% planted, just down from 99% last year and 98% on average. Eighty-eight percent of the winter wheat crop has emerged, behind 91% last yaer and just ahead of the five-year average of 87%. Winter wheat condition was rated 63% in good to excellent condition.
An unseasonably dry, cool week gave farmers an average of 6.6 days suitable for field work. Temperatures averaged two degrees below normal, and rainfall amounts averaged just 0.08 inches, compared to the weekly norm of half an inch. Soil temperatures were averaging in the mid-40s. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5% short, 86% adequate, and 9% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 1% very short, 6% short, 83% adequate, and 10% surplus. Corn harvest advanced 21 percentage points from last week, the most harvested during this week in November since 1993. The state’s corn crop was 82% harvested, down from 86% last year and 83% on average. Soybeans were 91% harvested, down from 98% last year and 95% on average. Grain movement from farm to elevator was reported to be 60% moderate to heavy. Off-farm grain storage was rated 86% adequate to surplus. On-farm grain storage was 81% adequate to surplus.
Ideal weather conditions allowed harvest to progress efficiently this past week. Only the northeastern district saw some scattered rainfall; the rest of the state remained dry. Overall, farmers had 6.6 days suitable for field work. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 7% very short, 35% short, 57% adequate, and 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 15% very short, 33% short, 51% adequate and 1% surplus. The state’s corn crop was 72% harvested, down from 84% last year and 81% on average. Winter wheat conditions were rated 54% in good to excellent condition, despite some concerns that the warm temperatures this past week might lead to advanced growth of early planted winter wheat.