Tag Archives: Crop Progress Report

As the heat of June starts to roll in planting is essentially done in several states and emergence continues well ahead of the five year average. With planting and emergence looking solid the first corn and soybean condition reports are also strong. Winter wheat continues to head out in the warm weather. Harvest is just getting started in Southern states like Texas. Pasture and range condition is mixed on the high plains with some states dropping and other picking up due to recent weather patterns. Topsoil moisture across the board looks to drop week to week. While subsoil moisture stays unchanged to slightly better week to week.

We start in the corn planting with the nation now 93% complete. That is 4% ahead of the five year average. So the basis between the five year and this year has quickly narrowed at the end of planting season. Nebraska is now staring across the finish line of corn planting at 99%. That is 5% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is also nearing the finish line at 92% planted. 4% ahead of the five year average. North Dakota jumped 21% week to week in corn planting, but is still just 75% complete. 15% behind it’s five year average.

With high pressure and warm air building across the plains emergence is strong for corn and soybeans. Nationally corn emergence is rated at 78%. 5% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska corn is 88% emerged. 9% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is 74% emerged just 1% ahead of the five year average. While North Dakota really jumped week to week in planting emergence is still sluggish at 26% almost half of the five year average at 57%.

The second week of corn condition ratings showed an improvement of 4% nationally to 74% good to excellent. Nebraska remained unchanged at 82% good to excellent. Kansas corn improved 4% to 67% good to excellent.

Switching from corn to soybeans. Soybean planting nationally is now rated 75% complete ahead of the five year average of 68%. Nebraska has just 5% of it’s soybean acres left to plant (95% planted). That is well ahead of the five year average of 78%. Kansas has planted 62% of it’s soybean crop. That will make Kansas 18% ahead of their five year average for soybean planting. Iowa also continues to roll on soybean planting with 95% of their soybeans planted. 20% ahead of the five year average.

Soybean emergence is also strong in the warming trend of June. Nationally 52% of soybeans have emerged. That compares to the five year average of 44%. Nebraska has seen 73% of it’s soybean acres emerge. That almost doubles the Nebraska five year average of 47%. Kansas has stayed 20% ahead of it’s five year average with 46% of Kansas soybeans now emerged. Finally Iowa is currently at 78% soybean emergence. Well ahead of the five year average of 48%.

June 1 marks the first soybean condition rating. The nation is starting off strong at 70% good to excellent. Nebraska is better at 82% good to excellent. Kansas is currently 68% good to excellent. Iowa has one of the best soybean crops in the nation at 81% good to excellent.

From the corn belt we head to the winter wheat belt. Winter wheat continues to head out just  behind the five year average pace. Nationally 77% of the winter wheat crop has  headed out. That is 6% behind the five year average. Kansas currently sits at 94% headed out almost with it’s five year average of 96%. Nebraska is well away from it’s five year average with only 41% of the winter wheat crop headed out. Nebraska is typically closer to 61% headed out this time of year.

With states like Texas already 100% headed out, combines are starting to roll. Nationally 3% of the winter wheat crop has been harvested. That is 1% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska and Kansas have yet to officially start harvest. Texas is ahead of schedule with 32% of the winter wheat already cut. That is 11% ahead of the five year average for Texas winter wheat harvest.

Winter wheat quality dropped 3% nationally this week to 51% good to excellent. Nebraska dropped 6% at 64% good to excellent. Kansas increased 2% to 42% good to excellent. Colorado still struggles with it’s winter wheat quality. Only 31% of the crop is rated good to excellent. 28% is rated fair, 21% poor and 20% very poor.M

Moving over to pasture and range condition. Nebraska range decreased 4% in quality week to week to 78% good to excellent. Kansas increased 2% in range quality at 58% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture is quickly evaporating as rain clouds get replaced with blue skies and sunshine. Nebraska top soil moisture for the week of June 1 is rated at 89% adequate to surplus. Down 2% week to week. Kasnas topsoil moisture is rated at 75% adequate to surplus. Also down 2% week to week. Subsoil moisture for Nebraska will remain unchanged week to week at 89% adequate to surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture will increase 1% to 77% adequate to surplus.

You can see the entire crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/m039kr87h/4j03dk14k/prog2320.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the latest crop progress numberes:

Planting continues at an abbreviated pace and for corn the latest crop progress report shows some states almost to the finish line. Emergence is strong across the country for most row crops. The first look at the corn crop condition shows a fairly healthy corp. Winter wheat continues to lag behind the five year average for heading out. Overall winter wheat quality though looks to tick up a few points this week. As for moisture last week’s rains will surely help quite a few mid-west states, but there are still some in the lower 48 that are very dry.

Breaking the report down we start with corn planting. Nationally 88% of the crop is planted. A far cry from last year’s 55% and still ahead of the five year average of 82%. Nebraska and Iowa are both at 97% planted. Well ahead of their respective five year averages. With less than a week until the crop insurance deadline North Dakota is still struggling to get corn planted at only 54%. Well behind the five year average of 79%. Pennsylvania though takes the cake as the slowest planting progress at only 45% complete.

Corn emergence across the country is rated at 64%. Just ahead of the five year average of 58%. Nebraska has 77% of their corn crop emerged, up from the five year average of 61%. Kansas has 60% of their corn crop emerged equal with their five year average and 15% ahead of a year ago. Even though planting is slow Pennsylvania has 47% of their corn crop emerged.

This week’s crop progress report included the first corn condition ratings. Nationally the corn crop is rated at 70% good to excellent. Nebraska is rated at 82% good to excellent. Kansas is rated at 63% good to excellent. The best corn crop surprisingly is in the same state with the slowest plantings. Pennsylvania’s corn crop is rated at 92% good to excellent.

Moving over to the soybeans. Soybean planting nationally is 65% complete. Well ahead of a year ago when it was just 26% complete. Nebraska farmers have 89% of their soybeans planted. Well ahead of the five year average of 62%. Kansas farmers have 52% of their soybeans planted about 21% ahead of the five year average. Soybeans are also emerging steadily. Nationally 35% of the soybean crop has emerged. Nebraska 56% of the soybeans are above ground. That compares to the five year average of 25%. In Kansas soybean fields, 29% of them have emergence.

For winter wheat Texas is the first state to reach the 100% headed out stage. That helped to bring the national percentage of winter wheat headed out to 68%. Still behind the five year average of 72%. Nebraska’s winter wheat farmers have only seen 22% of the crop produce heads so far. That is 18% behind the five year average of 40%. Kansas winter wheat farmers reported 84% of the crop has headed out.

As for winter wheat condition, nationally the crop improved since last week up 2% to 54% good to excellent. Kansas remained unchanged at 40% good to excellent. Nebraska improved 3% to 70% good to excellent. Colorado wheat farmers are still struggling with a poor crop as only 32% of the winter wheat is considered good to excellent.

A fun side tour on the crop progress report. With some corn belt states reporting over six to seven inches of rain last week there have been quite a few jokes about switching from corn to rice. Looking at national rice planting it is 89% complete vs. the five year average of 92%.

Coming towards the bottom of the report we see the pasture and range condition which shows Nebraska range rated at 82% good to excellent. Kansas range is rated at 56% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture looks to be strong in Nebraska at 91% adequate to surplus. In Kansas top soil is rated at 77% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture in Nebraska is rated at 89% adequate to surplus. While Kansas subsoil moisture is rated at 76% adequate to surplus.

Looking at the subsoil chart there are 4 states including; Arizona, Colorado, California and Oregon that are rated 20-29% very short. New Mexico though looks to be the driest in the country with a sub soil moisture combined rating of 79% short to very short.

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

If you would like to see the full crop progress report visit this link: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/9c67x7852/8910kd63p/prog2220.pdf

This week’s crop progress numbers reported by NASS show planting for corn and soybeans quickly nearing the finish line in several states. Winter wheat quality stays almost unchanged week to week. Moisture levels changed slightly from last week.

NASS does make note at the top of the report that in the first two weeks of June it will gather information about this season’s crop production, supplies of grain in storage, and livestock inventory. The information will help producers, suppliers, traders, buyers and others make informed business decisions. The results will be available on June 25 in the Hogs and Pigs report and on June 30 in the Acreage and Grain Stocks reports. Farmers should watch for their surveys in the mail soon.

Back to crop progress corn planting nationally was 80% complete compared to the 5 year average of 71%. Looking back last year with the numerous planting delays corn planting is up 36%. Nebraska along with several I states and Minnesota have less than 10% of the corn crop left to plant. As of May 17, 91% of Nebraska’s corn is planted. Well ahead of the 5 year average of 78%. Kansas is 74% planted just 2% ahead of the 5 year average. While most states are ahead on their corn planting other states are struggling to get going. Pennsylvania drags the nation with the least corn planted at only 15%. Well behind the 5 year average of 49%.

With over half the corn crop already planted corn emergence is strong across the country. Nationally 43% of the corn crop is emerged up 19% week to week. That is ahead of the 5 year average of 40%. Nebraska is now over the half way mark with 54% of the corn emerged. Up 24% week to week and 32% ahead of a year ago. Kansas has 45% of it’s corn crop emerged. Up from the five year average of 46%.

It’s a similar story in soybean planting with 53% of the nations soybeans planted. A far cry from last years 16%  at the same time. Nebraska has 78% of the soybeans planted up 34% from a year ago and up from the 5 year average of 42%. Kansas has 37% of the soybean crop planted up from the 5 year average of 22%.

Right alongside the corn, soybeans are emerging well. Nationally 18% of the soybeans are above ground. Just 6% ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska takes soybean emergence one notch better with 29% of the crop emerged. That’s 23% emerged since last week and 24% more emerged than a year ago. Kansas more than doubles their 5 year average with 15% of soybeans emerged. The 5 year average for Kansas is 7%.

Sorghum made another notable appearance in USDA’s weekly export inspections on Monday, but for the current crop US producers are a little behind. Nationally sorghum planting is considered 32% complete as compared to the 5 year average of 34%. Nebraska breaks the national trend with 28% of the sorghum planted as compared to the 5 year average of 22%. Kansas has planted 9% of the sorghum crop compared to the 5 year average of 4%.

For some, time seems to be flying by and custom harvesters are starting to make their way South. Winter wheat heading out is a little behind this year though. 56% of the national winter wheat crop has headed out. Compared to the 5 year average of 62%. Kansas has 61% of it’s winter wheat crop headed out well behind the 5 year average of 75%. Nebraska winter wheat heading is rated at 5% compared to 23% on the 5 year average. Still looking at last year Nebraska is near par with 2019 winter wheat heading out at this time was at 6%.

Winter wheat quality was fairly steady week to week. Nationally winter wheat dropped 1% to 52% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat went up 2% to 40% good to excellent. Nebraska remained unchanged week to week at 67% good to excellent. Colorado winter wheat is fairly even across all categories now with 28% good to excellent, 28%, fair, 22% poor and 22% very poor. No other major winter wheat growing state has double digit very poor wheat quality.

Oats look fairly good across the country. Nationally the oat crop is rated 75% good to excellent. Nebraska’s oat crop is rated at 68% good to excellent. Iowa’s oat crop is rated at 70% good to excellent.

Pasture and range condition for Nebraska was rated 78% good to excellent with 0% in the very poor stage. Kansas pasture and range was rated 53% good to excellent. 10% now in the poor stage.

Moisture ticked up a little in Kansas and down a little in Nebraska. Topsoil moisture for Nebraska was rated at 77% adequate to surplus down 3% from last week. Kansas topsoil moisture was rated at 66% adequate to surplus up 10% week to week. Nebraska subsoil moisture was rated at 84% adequate to surplus unchanged week to week. Kansas subsoil moisture was rated at 72% adequate to surplus up 3% from last week.

See the entire report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/kd17dd70q/gm80jg11q/prog2120.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the report:

It’s all about the planting and emergence at this stage of the farm cycle in North America. The latest numbers from USDA and NASS show that across the country conditions have been near perfection for planting most crops.

Last week the US had planted 27% of the corn crop. This week that number jumped 24% to 51% planted. This is well ahead of the five year average of 39%. The corn planted number zoomed over many analysts estimates. Nebraska followed suite with strong corn plantings jumping 41% week to week with 61% of the crop now planted. That is well over the 5 year average of 38%. Kansas continues to be a sluggish state with only 42% of it’s corn crop planted 3% back from the five year average. Iowa is so far in the lead for corn planting at 78% complete almost 2 and a half times their five year average.

Now that the corn is in the ground it is also starting to emerge. Nationally corn emergence is rated at 8% vs. the five year average of 10%. Nebraska has 9% of the corn crop above ground 4% ahead of the five year average. In Kansas 13% of the corn crop is emerged as compared to the 5 yr average of 19%.

The next crop planting number that many were waiting for today was the soybean crop. Nationally 23% of the soybean crop is planted up from the five year average of 11%.  Nebraska has planted 32% of it’s soybean crop nearly tripling the five year average of 10%. Where Kansas falls behind in corn planting it makes up for in soybeans. 11% of the Kansas soybean crop is planted compared to the 5 yr average of 4%.

It was just a few short weeks ago that the weather pattern looked much different. For nearly a week in Mid-April the nightly low recorded a hard freeze. This has some concerned about winter wheat heading out. Which the latest data shows is a little behind. Nationally 32% of the winter wheat crop has headed out compared to the five year average of 38%. In Kansas only 17% of the winter wheat crop has headed out just half of the five year average of 34%. Oklahoma which saw a decent part of the state freeze in that weather event currently has 71% of the winter wheat crop headed out. Just 2% behind the five year average. Nebraska has yet to report a head, but that if fairly typical this time of year with the five year average at only 2%.

Winter wheat quality seemed to improve across the nation. Nationally the winter wheat cropped jumped 1% to 55% good to excellent. In Nebraska the Winter wheat crop improved 3% to 67% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat improved 2% to 42% good to excellent. The best winter wheat crop continues to be held by Washington state at 77% good to excellent. Ohio this week eclipses South Dakota and North Carolina with a rating of 73% good to excellent.

Week five is the first crop progress report to include the pasture and range condition. In Nebraska the range looks fairly strong at 71% good to excellent. In Kansas with South West Kansas on the brink of drought the range is only rated at 56% good to excellent.

Moisture conditions continue to reflect Kansas dryness. Top soil moisture in Kansas is rated at 61% adequate to surplus with 9% very short. Subsoil moisture in Kansas is rated at 72% adequate to surplus. In Nebraska moisture is more abundant, but starting to dry up. Topsoil moisture is rated at 71% adequate to surplus. Nebraka’s subsoil moisture is rated at 83% adequate to surplus. New Mexico and California quickly dwindled on moisture week to week. Top soil moisture in New Mexico is rated 31% very short and in California top soil moisture is rated 20% very short.

If you would like to see the full crop progress report for your self. Check it out here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/8336hn37s/q237jc137/prog1920.pdf

Clay Patton has a full report break down here:

Week four of USDA and NASS’s crop progress report is out. Corn and soybeans continue to be planted at an upbeat pace. Winter wheat quality continues to erode week to week.

We will start with corn planting with farmers now having planted 27% of the crop vs. the five year average of 20%. Nebraska is also ahead of schedule at 20% planted vs. the five year average of 16%. Kansas is one of the few states that has fallen behind the pace at 24% planted vs. the five year average of 31%. North Carolina and Texas are the furthest along in corn planting with each state over the 60% mark and close to their respective 5 year average.

While early in the growing season there is some corn above the ground and nationally 3% of the crop is reported to have emerged thus far.

Soybean planting is still in the early stages, but many area’s are nearly double their five year average for soybeans in the ground. Nationally soybean planting is rated at 8% done double the five year average of 4%. Nebraska one up’s the nation with 8% of the soybean crop planted four times that of the five year average at 2%. Kansas merely doubles their soybean planting numbers at 2% vs the five year average of 1%.

With sorghum gaining some notoriety on the export side farmers are ensuring there will be more supplies in the 2020/2021 marketing year.  A quick look at grain sorghum planting in the US shows progress at 20% vs. the five year average of 23%.

From crops going into the ground to a crop that will be harvested in just a matter of months. That is winter wheat and given the cold snap just a few weeks ago the crop quality continues to decline. Nationally the winter wheat crop is rated 54% good to excellent down from last week’s 57% good to excellent. Nebraska’s winter wheat followed a similar pattern dropping 5% week to week to 64% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat quality dropped 6% to 40% good to excellent. South Dakota remains hot on the heels of the top crop in the country at 72% good to excellent, but for the second week will fall behind North Carolina and Washington both at 76% good to excellent.

We end on the soil moisture which is still strong across the northern plains, but further to the south things are starting to look a little dry. Nebraska top soil moisture is rated at 84% adequate to surplus with 1% in the very short category. Nebraska subsoil moisture is also similar at 88% adequate to surplus with 0% in the very short category. Kansas topsoil moisture 69% adequate to surplus with 6% in the very short category. Kansas subsoil moisture picks up a little bit to 74% adequate to surplus, but still has 6% in the very short category. To note though the state with the most in the very short category for both top soil and subsoil is not in the south central part of the US, but rather the west coast. Oregon is rated 21% very short for topsoil moisture and 18% very short for subsoil moisture.

You can see the full report for yourself right here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/vd66wk03z/9z903k54h/prog1820.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the report: