Tag Archives: Winter Wheat

The latest NASS crop progress report showed a significant jump in several states corn and soybean condition. That resulted in the national conditions continuing to improve. The rains seen across much of the Midwest recently also helped to replenish soil moisture and pasture condition.

The corn crop continues to be ahead in area’s of growth. Nationally corn silking is now 82% complete. That is ahead of the 5 year average of 75%. Nebraska and Kansas both share the same 5 year average for corn silking this week at 80%, but Nebraska is ahead of that at 89% and Kansas is just behind the 5 year average at 79%. Iowa is still trailing Nebraska in corn silking at 87%. That is still ahead of Iowa’s 5 year average of 81%.

Corn entering into the dough stage across the country is rated 22%. That is 5% ahead of the five year average. In the state by state break down; Nebraska corn entering into the dough stage is rated 27%, Kansas corn is rated 36% and Iowa corn is rated 23%.  All of these are 10%-11% ahead of the five year average.

Corn condition nationally increased this week up 3% to 72% good to excellent. That was helped with several states seeing large week to week jumps in corn condition. Nebraska corn increased 9% to 75% good to excellent. Kansas corn improved 6% to 60% good to excellent. Illinois corn may have had one of the largest jumps in condition, up 11% week to week. Illinois corn is now rated 74% good to excellent. Iowa corn did not get the rain that other states got and actually declined in quality this week. Iowa corn is rated 77% good to excellent down 2%.

Soybeans like corn still seem to be staying well ahead of the 5 year average for growth. Nationally soybeans entering the blooming growth stage were rated 76%. That is 4% ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska soybeans have reached 90% bloom. That is 14% ahead of the 5 year average. Kansas soybeans are now rated 68% in bloom, 10% ahead of the five year average. Heat and dry haven’t slowed Iowa soybeans down. Iowa soybeans are considered 85% bloomed. That is up 10% from the 5 year average.

Soybeans are also steadily setting pods as weather conditions for the most part continue to be favorable. Nationally 43% of the soybean crop has set pods. Nebraska 53% of soybeans have set pods. That is up 20% from the 5 year average. Kansas soybeans setting pods is expected to be around 40%. Almost doubling the 5 year average of 21%. Iowa soybeans are also setting pods on strongly with 50% of the crop setting pods. That is up 12% from the 5 year average.

Soybean condition for the last two weeks has been closely tied to corn. Just like corn nationally soybeans improved 3% to 72% good to excellent. Again Nebraska and Illinois saw one of the largest week to week jumps in soybean condition, both improving 9%. Nebraska soybeans are rated 80% good to excellent. Illinois soybeans are rated 76% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans improved 10% week to week. Now rated 67% good to excellent. Iowa again saw a decline in soybean condition, dropping 6% to 76% good to excellent.

Sorghum unlike corn and soybeans seems to be right on schedule in it’s growth cycle. Nationally 44% of the sorghum crop has set heads. That is even with the 5 year average. Nebraska sorghum is 43% headed out. That is up 11% from the 5 year average.

As for sorghum condition Nationally the crop improved 2% to 53% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum improved 11% to 53 % good to excellent .

Winter wheat harvest continues to roll on and closed the gap a little to the 5 year average. Nationally the 5 year average is 82% complete for the last week of July. This week according to NASS winter wheat harvest is 81% complete. Nebraska winter wheat harvest is 93% complete, that is up 12% from the 5 year average.That is a stark contrast from the winter wheat harvest of a year ago in Nebraska when the harvest was just 49% complete for the last week of July. Kansas is gathering the last few fringe acres this week with winter wheat harvest considered 99% complete. That is even with the 5 year average.  Northern states like Washington (19%) and Montana (10%) continue behind the 5 year average pace.

The rain finally stopped the continuing decline of Kansas and Nebraska range land. Nebraska pasture and range improved 15% week to week at 60% good to excellent. Kansas pasture and range improved 14% to 52% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture was also able to recharge with the rains. Nebraska topsoil moisture improved 7% to 59% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture improved 9% to 70% good to excellent.

It was a similar story for subsoil moisture. Nebraska subsoil moisture improved 5% to 62% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture rose 3% to 69% good to excellent.

Find all the NASS data for crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/dr26zk433/tq57pc994/prog3120.pdf

Listen to Clay Patton recap the report here:

The latest crop progress report shows the toll the hot, dog days of summer are bringing for crops, pastures and moisture conditions. Corn and soybean conditions continue to deteriorate for most states, but a select few were able to see weekly condition increases. Winter wheat harvest continues to move closer to the finish line as far Northern states starts the very first days of their winter wheat harvest.

Corn silking is the first segment of the latest crop progress report. Corn silking is also one of the first development stages to fall behind the 5 year average pace. Nationwide 29% of the corn crop has reached silking. That is 3% behind the 5 year average of 32%. Kansas is 1% ahead of the 5 year average at 47%. Nebraska is 10% behind the five year average at 19%. For the big I states Illinois is the farthest behind in corn silking at 36%. That is 16% behind the 5 year average.

July 13 is the first week to report corn entering the dough stage. Nationwide the corn crop is on pace with the 5 year average 3%. Nebraska is ahead on the dough stage at 1%. Kansas has outpaced the 5 year average at 9%. Texas has the most corn in the dough stage at 60%.

Corn condition dropped for most states, but Kansas improved 1% to 53% good to excellent. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 69% good to excellent. Down 2% from a week ago. Iowa’s corn crop is rated one of the best in the nation at 83% good to excellent, down 2% from last week. Nebraska corn dropped 4% week to week at 70% good to excellent.

Across the country 11% of the soybean crop has set pods. That is up 9% from a week ago. Nebraska soybeans have set pods on 13% of the crop. That is 9% ahead of the 5 year average. Kansas soybeans have set pods on 6% of the crop. Doubling the Kansas 5 year average for soybeans setting pods at 3%. Arkansas has the most pods set on their soybean crop according to NASS at 30%. That is actually down 14% from the five year average.

Soybean condition in the US according to NASS is 68% good to excellent, down 3% from a week ago. The national rating is still 14% ahead of a year ago. Nebraska soybeans dropped 3% to 73% good to excellent. Iowa soybeans dropped 1% to 83% good to excellent. Kansas was one of the few states to actually see an improvement week to week in their soybean condition to 59% good to excellent, that is up 2%.

Sorghum is starting to color up across the country and saw a signifcant drop in Nebraska condition rating. Nebraska sorghum was rated 53% good to excellent, down 15% from the previous week. Nationally sorghum is rated at 46% good to excellent, down 2% from last week and 28% lower than a year ago.

Winter wheat harvest is chugging steadily for the finish line at 68% complete nationally. Compared to a year ago that is 14% ahead and 2% ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska is just at the half way mark, up 10% from a year ago. Meanwhile Kansas is just 5% away from join Oklahoma and Texas at 100% complete. Northern states like Idaho and Washington are just getting started with wheat harvest at 2% each.

Oat harvest is looking to be fast and furious in 2020. The first oat harvest report from NASS shows nationwide 12% of the oat crop is in the bin.  Nebraska is 30% complete, up 6% from the 5 year average. Texas has the most oats harvested at 95% complete.

Pasture and range condition continues to deteriorate across much of the country. Kansas again one of the few states to improve week to week at 41% good to excellent. That is up 1% from last week. Nebraska pasture saw a dramatic drop of 15% from lat week to just 48% good to excellent. Colorado pasture and range has more in the very poor to poor rating at 44% than it does in the good to excellent range at 23%.

Finally soil moisture was able to recharge just a little last week with the wide spread rains. Nebraska topsoil moisture gained 3% to 53% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture also gained 3% to 55% adequate to surplus. California is giving New Mexico a run for it’s money for the driest top soil at 40% short to very short. New Mexico is still the driest top soil though at 44% short to very short.

Finally subsoil moisture follows a similar pattern. Kansas subsoil improved 1% to 55% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil deteriorated 1% to 60% adequate to surplus. Wyoming is starting to see a drastic shift in subsoil moisture this week to 71% short to very short.

You can see the full crop progress report here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/w6634r16g/cz30qf661/prog2920.pdf

Clay Patton has a full recap of the report here:

For the first full week of July corn and soybean ratings started to drop slightly across the nation.Corn silking is the first crop condition area we see that is actually behind the five year average. Winter wheat harvest is rolling along ahead of schedule in most states.  Top soil and subsoil moisture continue to be dry and dropping across the country.

NASS estimated that 71% of the corn crop was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 5, down 2 percentage points from 73% the previous week but still well above 57% at the same time a year ago.

For corn Iowa and Minnesota set at the top of the pile with 85% good-to-excellent condition ratings. Pennsylvania stays a close second at 82% and Nebraska it towards the top at 74% good to excellent.  On the opposite end of the scale Michigan and Colorado have the highest percentage of corn rated very poor to poor, at 14% and 16%, respectively.

Up to this point in the growing year much of the crop progress has been well ahead of the five year average. Corn silking however continues to to run behind the five year average. NASS estimated that 10% of corn was silking, 6 percentage points behind the five-year average of 16%.

Soybean development, on the other hand, was near to slightly ahead of normal last week. Soybeans blooming was estimated at 31%, 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 24%, while soybeans setting pods was estimated at 2%, near the five-year average of 4%.

Looking at the state by state break down Iowa is now 37% in bloom, Minnesota 43% and Nebraska 41%. All these ratings are well ahead of their respective 5 year average.

The national soybean condition rating came in the same as the corn crop: 71% good to excellent nationwide. That was unchanged from the previous week and still well ahead of 53% at the same time last year. Iowa was 84% good to excellent, along with Minnesota 83% , Wisconsin 79% and Nebraska 76% .

Meanwhile, winter wheat harvest moved ahead 15 percentage points last week to reach 56% complete as of Sunday, 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average of 55%.

Harvest in Kansas in 80% complete, Illinois is 81% and Missouri is at 84% finished,. Nebraska winter wheat is 16% harvested, and South Dakota has not started yet.

Winter wheat condition — for the portion of the crop still in fields — was rated 51% good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from 52% from the previous week. Sixty-one percent of North Dakota’s winter wheat crop was rated good-to-excellent.

View the full report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/c247fd92b/1g05g1123/prog2820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here: